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Technology to enable trusted inter-operation between humans and swarms of autonomous systems and platforms. Shepherding is the ability to guide, influence or reshape a group of autonomous systems towards a goal with optimised efforts to the shepherd and the group.

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Competitive advantage

  • A unique fully-distributed human-swarm and swarm-on-swarm systems exist that can scale arbitrarily to any size with minimum complexity. This technology achieves this in a structured, verifiable, trustworthy and scalable manner
  • Multidisciplinary team with the capacity and facilities to prototype concepts theoretically, through simulation and on real-platforms
  • Novel architectures to enable efficient, low-CPU, and highly smart AI-enabled swarm systems


  • Enable commanders to take responsibility of large (semi-) autonomous heterogeneous swarms in a trusted, verifiable, and accountable manner
  • CPU and power efficient, highly smart AI-enabled swarm systems
  • Autonomous real-time management of the human-swarm relationship
  • Scalability of human-swarm logic
  • Transparent, explainable, and adaptive swarm control-logic
  • Trusted human-swarm operations

Successful applications

  • Autonomous coordination policies in ground-air unmanned systems interaction
  • Autonomous learning, reasoning and decision-making in dynamic heterogeneous swarm environments
  • Distributed contextual awareness for multi-agent systems and its application to military land vehicles

Capabilities and facilities

  • Indoor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) testing facilities
  • High-fidelity simulation environments including air traffic management and modelling of uninhabited all-domains vehicles (UxVs)
  • A variety of unmanned ground and air vehicles

Our partners

  • Defence Science and Technology (DST)
  • US Office of Naval Research
  • US Air Force Office of Scientific Research
  • US Army International Technology Center Pacific (ITC-PAC)