Integrated Sustainability Assessments

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Making integrated sustainability assessments in industrial ecology, circular economy, consumption and production, and using virtual laboratory technology to perform economy-wide analysis and simulation to develop systems and strategies that deliver optimised, sustainable outcomes for society, the environment and the economy.

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Competitive advantage

  • Economy-wide sustainability assessments based on cutting-edge methodology
  • Hybrid life-cycle assessments enabled by virtual laboratory technology
  • Comprehensive sustainability indicator frameworks for system-wide applications of industrial ecology and circular economy
  • Key sustainability performance metrics for system optimisation and product development


  • Developing Sustainability Assessment Frameworks for the water industry
  • Creating a scope 3 greenhouse gas emissions calculator for carbon neutrality assessments under the national Climate Active Carbon Neutral Standard
  • Developing specific Life Cycle Inventories (LCI) for the built environment, energy, water and food industries
  • Creating sustainability decision-support frameworks and tools for applications in industry sectors and for policy-making, e.g., water, dairy and beef industry
  • Development of strategies and indicators for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals
  • Recommending CO2-reduction strategies for food, mining, packaging, waste and water industries

Successful applications

  • Integrated Carbon Metrics, CRC for Low Carbon Living
  • Triple Bottom Line tool of alternative water supply projects for Water Reuse Research Foundation
  • Environmental performance evaluation of Australian construction, Australian Research Council
  • Assessing absolute sustainability of global cities, Australian Research Council
  • Energy benchmarking and visualization tool for the Water Services Association of Australia
  • LCI for different photovoltaic technologies, water and wastewater technologies and Australian food categories
  • Developing science-based carbon reduction strategies for various industries, such as building and construction, renewable energy
  • Australian Dairy Carbon Calculator for the Australian Dairy industry
  • Sustainable Development Goals program for UNSW Sydney

Capabilities and facilities

  • Industrial Ecology Virtual Laboratory (IELab), a collaborative e-research platform for economy-wide, integrated sustainability assessment of industries, sectors, facilities, processes, technologies and products

Our partners

  • Australian Research Council
  • CSIRO Land and Water
  • Environmental Resource Management (ERM)
  • Life Cycle Strategies Pty Ltd
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
  • Sydney Water Corporation